A new study from top four global custom market research firm Synovate on 'green' behaviour shows that women and older consumers across the world are more environmentally conscious overall. How people feel about the future and their family, and which country they live in, are less important factors in determining their green habits.
Synovate interviewed approximately 22 000 people across 28 countries as part of its ongoing Global Trends study: South Africa, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Italy, India, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, UAE, UK and USA. Respondents were asked about their recycling habits, purchase of ecological products and purchase of organic foods, as well as their general beliefs on life, in order to also determine if there was a correlation between those beliefs and green behaviour. In South Africa, 600 top metro consumers were interviewed.
Women around the world ranked higher than men across all green behaviour categories, while people aged 56-65 years old ranked highest in recycling and buying ecological products, and those 46-55 years old led in organic food purchase. Those in the 16-25 age group scored lowest across all categories.
“We asked respondents to show agreement and disagreement with several topics related with basic needs and attitudes that anyone in the world would have in different life situations. We used these results to conduct a global segmentation framed under our Censydiam research model,” said Peter Huijboom, Synovate CEO for Geographies. “Those who showed the highest levels of agreement with statements related to concern about the future or the importance of family were actually the ones purchasing fewer ecological and organic products, and recycling less. This suggests green behaviour in many people may be borne from other convictions that aren't related to the health and well-being of family and the planet.
“For example, our segmentation demonstrates that those who recycle more are also more group-oriented, while people who consume more organic products are more likely to be more individualistic,” Huijboom said.
Recycling and buying green
Recycling waste at home was more popular with women, with 54% overall saying they had done this in the past week compared to 48% of men. South Africans stick to this trend, with more women (47%) recycling than men (40%).
Respondents in Canada (88%), South Korea (86%) and Spain (84%) were most likely to have recycled waste at home during the past week, closely followed by those in Belgium (82%), Italy and the UK (81% each). Those least likely to have recycled at home were those in Indonesia, Russia and Egypt, where less than 15% of respondents said they had recycled in the last week. South Africans fell somewhere in between, with 44% of respondents saying that they have recycled at home within the last week.
“Recycling from home is not very easy or accessible in South Africa,” states Richard Rice, Sales and Marketing Director at Synovate. “At a home level, consumers are given one type of bin for all of their waste. Consumers that recycle do so proactively, using their own recycle bins and transporting these containers themselves, most typically to their closest grocery stores where you would find bigger recycling containers managed by external parties.”
When it came to purchasing ecological products, Denmark and Sweden led the pack (59% and 52% respectively), while Serbia (8%) and China (9%) were lowest. Sixteen percent of South Africans state that they purchase ecological products – which is globally below average. However, South Africans are high up on the list in terms of buying organic products – with 31% stating that they had purchased these in the last week.
“Organic produce is becoming a lot more commonplace in South Africa in recent years,” states Rice. “The challenge we have is making this more accessible and affordable to the market in its entirety in South Africa, as this is mostly limited to higher end retailers.”
Interestingly, the three green habits studied did not directly correlate with each other – meaning, if someone did one habit, it did not automatically mean they did the others. As shown in the chart below, mainly very different countries led for each green behaviour.
“Correlation of green habits likely has a lot to do with availability,” said Huijboom. “For example, South Africa is quite good at buying organic but could do better at recycling. That's because they don't have a good system for collecting recyclables, which helps explain this. So the results don't necessarily mean that people don't want to be greener – it may just be that they can't. On the opposite end, the UK buys few ecological products, but is very good at recycling. Governments could certainly help increase their population's ability to engage in more green behaviour, and in a multi-faceted way, if they made all of this more available to their citizens.
“We also found that green attitudes and habits are not necessarily linked to macro trends in particular countries. Instead, they depend more on the micro factors within them,” said Huijboom. “For instance, there are examples in the media of communities that are sceptical about global warming and its scientific predictions, but they still embrace clean energy habits based on economic, patriotic or spiritual reasons.”
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About the survey
These survey results were taken from Synovate's Global Trends survey, an international research study that monitors and measures consumers' values and attitudes on a variety of topics and their impact on trends and other emerging insights. The survey asked respondents a series of questions about their recycling habits, purchase of ecological products and purchase of organic foods, as well as their general beliefs on life, in order to also determine if there was a correlation between those beliefs and green behaviour.
This study was conducted from July to September 2010 with people aged 16 to 65 years old. The chart below includes the markets that fielded the survey, the sample size, methodology, coverage area.
Based on the population that the sample represents globally, the results have been weighted to obtain the most representative picture of consumers across the world.
I'm going to read you are series of statements that relate to the way people feel about life in general. Thinking about yourself, please tell me the extent to which you agree or disagree with each of the following statements? 1 means you completely disagree with the statement, 7 means you completely agree with the statement.
Life is full of wonderful things
Life is meant to be enjoyed, not endured
One should enjoy life to the fullest
You should always try to get the most enjoyment out of everything you do
You can make things happen and fulfil your dreams
You must overcome your own limits
You can make your dreams come true through hard work
Trying new things are worth the risk
Respect should be earned
You have to keep on achieving goals in life in order to be respected
I constantly aim to improve my (social) status
Ideas are the power of society
I'm proud of what I have achieved in my life
I always try and find ways to express my individuality
I strive to be different from others
You have to plan your future
My greatest ambition is to have a stable and secure future
I try to foresee obstacles as much as possible
We live in threatening times
I believe that something greater than ourselves protects us
It is essential to live a comfortable life
I need to have relaxed and stress-free surroundings
I prefer things that I know to new ones
I have to be there for those who matter to me
Your family always protects you
I have to protect my loved ones
My family helps me build my future
I pay attention to what others do
We are all the same
I want to share good times with others
I value close relationships and enjoy the company of my friends
Which of the following activities you have done within the last week? (Yes / No / Don't know / No answer)
I have purchased ecological products
I have purchased organic food products
I have recycled waste at home
I have bought an energy saving product (bulbs, detergent, electrical appliance...)
For more information on Synovate's Global Trends survey, visit www.synovate.com/globaltrends.