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MTN cautions customers to take extra precautions to protect themselves against fraud

Connectivity has transformed the way we live, work and interact. While technology has negated tasks like queuing at a bank or licensing department, it has also exposed many of us to new forms of online security threats.

As the festive season approaches, fraud incidences will increase as scammers continue to find new ways to circumvent security barriers and scam unsuspecting consumers of their hard-earned money.

"October is Fraud Awareness Month, and we'd like to take the opportunity to caution our customers to be extra vigilant and closely monitor their online activities to ensure that they don't compromise their security and avoid falling prey to fraudsters. The rule of thumb is to exercise the same level of precautions we take in our lives in the virtual and online world," says Elgiva Sibisi, General Manager for Revenue Assurance and Fraud Management at MTN South Africa.

SIM-swap and porting fraud

Identity fraud has unfortunately become a consistent threat to all network operators and customers around the world, as criminals constantly work to find new ways to beat fraud prevention systems.

"At MTN, we aim to protect customers from fraudulent transactions that originate elsewhere, often through identity theft. ID theft is often the start of the fraud, with a criminal getting hold of sufficient personal information to pose as a credible 'network agent'. Once the 'agent' has a customer on the line, they then solicit more details from the customer to then perpetrate the fraud. In other instances, personal data may have been stolen to be able to action the fraud directly," says Sibisi.

A recent example of this was in 2018, when MTN proactively warned all its customers to beware of a new scam that had developed. In this scam, criminals claiming to be MTN call centre agents would request the customer's security details under the pretence that they were blocking the processing of a SIM-swap request that was being made on the subscriber's number without their knowledge or authorisation. The scammers were then using the customer's responses, that they obtained during the call, to perform a fraudulent SIM swap.

MTN made it clear that it will not contact customers from its call centre to block the processing of a SIM-swap request. The company also urged all customers not to respond to unsolicited calls and requests for their security details from an unknown number.

MTN has, for the past year, rolled out in-store biometrics as an additional layer of security to further halt such criminal activity. The company has also introduced secure OTP (one-time password) access to systems whereby users who are affected then have a clear tracking and audit log. Our monitoring systems give us a view of all related SIM-swap activities.

MTN only processes SIM-swap requests from 7am to 8pm. This is because of the company's focus on further tightening security measures to avoid SIM-swap fraud. The problem of porting is another route being pursued by criminals. Thieves use a person's information to switch his or her phone number to a new service provider. The thieves can then use the phone to intercept messages (such as the OTP).

Both porting fraud and illegal SIM swaps start with criminals accessing a customer's personal information through any number of ways. It is critical that all South Africans strictly protect their personal information and not share any details with unverified and unsolicited calls.

"MTN has introduced a solution called Subscriber Identity for Third Parties (Sift), which gives banks real-time alerts on a change in a SIM card number. This feature is zero-rated and gives customers a 48-hour window period to stop any unauthorised transactions. MTN is also encouraging customers to provide a secondary number or an e-mail address to verify SIM-swap requests," says Sibisi.

Data mining

Many of us are familiar with online quizzes in which we get to answer simple questions and the app paints a psychological profile of the participant based on their responses. While this might look like harmless fun, the reality is that some of these quiz apps use the information provided by users to build their psychological profile, which is then shared with third parties.

Bear in mind that when you participate in social media quizzes, users are prompted to give the app permission to access their accounts and data from their social media friends. Any time you sign in to a Web site or app via your Facebook profile, you're asked similar questions. If you approve, the app can scrape certain data from your account.

MTN cautions customers to be wary of divulging personal data on online platforms that can be used to defraud them.

Unscrupulous subscriptions

Given the current paradigm shift in the market to evolve into a digital connected era, all markets have decided to move business from analogue to digital platforms. Digital platforms are agile and have the ability to capture the market that has been untapped through the World Wide Web. This has resulted in many operators taking to digital platforms and digital marketing initiatives to evolve their business to become acclimatised to these new markets and be seen as evolving with the market trends.

However, we've seen a large number of customers who were fraudulently subscribed by means of click-jacking. This type of fraud is prevalent on smartphones, where a user may mistakenly click on a banner that is linked to a bot, which mimics the behaviour of the customer and approves the opt-in and double opt-in requests without the customer knowing.

Click-jacking fraud is a major issue; it is also understood to be a global issue that occurs outside of MTN's network. MTN is currently introducing measures to monitor, protect and put an end to these unscrupulous fraudulent subscriptions.

In a continued effort to ensure that MTN customers are protected and treated fairly, the company has implemented a policy (Treating Customers Fairly policy, also known as TCF), which is aimed at ensuring that MTN customers are protected against fraudulent and scam activities.

Furthermore, MTN has conducted in-depth checks to ensure that all its technology partners and other stakeholders adhere and comply with the Consumer Protection Act. As a result, MTN has put in place measures through TCF to remove these fraudulent subscription activities. MTN has also implemented the necessary fraud detection measures to protect customers.

MTN

MTN Group

Launched in 1994, the MTN Group is a multinational telecommunications group, operating in 21 countries in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. The MTN Group is listed on the JSE Securities Exchange in South Africa under the share code: "MTN".

As at the end of 30 June 2010, MTN recorded 129.2 million subscribers across its operations in Afghanistan, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Cote d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Republic, Iran, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of Congo (Congo Brazzaville), Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Syria, Uganda, Yemen and Zambia. The MTN Group is a global sponsor of the 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa and has exclusive mobile content rights for Africa and the Middle East. Visit http://www.mtn.com and http://www.mtnfootball.com.